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Pharmacotherapy in Periodontal Therapy

Periodontal disease is an infection that involves the inflammatory process and the immune response. It can cause a breakdown of periodontal structures resulting in increased pocket depth, clinical attachment loss, and destruction of alveolar bone.Treatment of periodontal diseases has evolved appreciably in the last decade. Greater emphasis has been placed on nonsurgical approaches to periodontal therapy.

Nonsurgical periodontal therapy is used to delay repopulation of pathogenic microorganisms by controlling the supra-gingival bacterial plaque, and by disrupting or removing the subgingival gram-negative flora.The goal of this therapy is to return the tissues to a state of health that can be easily maintained by the client through periodontal debridement procedures.

In our efforts to control pathogenic microorganisms through periodontal debridement, we have learned that repopulation of the periodontal pocket of bacteria can occur after debridement within 60 days.

Pharmacotherapy in Periodontal Therapy