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Understanding the Political Influence of Blogs

Screen shot  Understanding the Political Influence of Blogs

While a very new field of research, most of the academic studies of blogging and politics conducted thus far have looked at the budding relationship through a media-based lens. In these studies, blogs are seen to affect politics only insofar as they are able to refocus the media's attention and re-frame policy debates. While this way of seeing the emergent association between blogs and politics makes a great deal of sense, the blogosphere also seems to be playing an increasingly powerful role in framing ideas and issues for legislators and leaders directly.

The State’s Monopoly on Legitimate Violence

The monopoly on legitimate force or violence belongs to the essential elements of modern statehood – so the scholarly consensus since Thomas Hobbes or at least since Max Weber. In “Economy and Society” Weber defines the state as a political organization whose “administrative staff successfully upholds the claim to the monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force in the enforcement of its orders” (Weber 1922: 29, translation). This definition seems to be very clear, but sometimes it leads to misunderstandings.

Political Competition and Corruption in Japan, 1947-1993

When do politicians resort to corrupt practices? This article distinguishes between two types of corruption by politicians: illegal acts for material gain (looting) and illegal acts for electoral gain (cheating). Looting generally involves a politician “selling” influence while cheating involves a politician “buying” votes. We conduct individual-level analyses of new data on financial scandals and election law violations in Japan and show that the determinants of cheating differ from the determinants of looting. Most notably, political experience and electoral security increase the probability of looting, but electoral insecurity combined with intra-party competition increases the probability of cheating. The purpose of elections in a representative democracy is to create a political system in which politicians act in the best interests of those they govern.

The Cultural Revolution in Inner Mongolia

The Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region (IMAR), sandwiched between the Mongolian People’s Republic and the PRC, was to be one of the worst affected areas of China during the CR. While the impact of the CR came slightly late to the area, and extended mainly over the period 1967 to 1969, it was to result in over 22,000 deaths, and 300,000 injuries, according to official statistics. Demographic studies have shown that, based on the almost zero growth rate of the population from 1965 to 1975, the real level of casualties may have reached up to 100,000 deaths. Almost every person of Mongolian ethnicity in the region was affected in some way by the events of the CR. These have a claim to being acts of genocide, and are a wound that lingers to this day. To understand these events, however, one needs to look back a little further in history, to the setting up under Soviet patronage of the Mongolian People’s Republic (MPR) in 1921.

How Andrew Jackson, Emersonian Whiggery, And Frontier Calvinism Shaped The Course of American Political Culture

Andrew Jackson has stirred the American imagination ever since his astonishing victory over a vastly superior force of British troops at the Battle of New Orleans. The victory, at the tag end of the War of 1812, could very nearly have been a defeat but instead gave Americans a renewed faith in the moral and spiritual superiority of their republic, confirming for many that God had prepared a special destiny for the United States.

The Death And Life of The Polis: Political Naturalism and The Natural Polis in Aristotle's Politics

Aristotle argues in Pol I.2 that the polis exists by nature. This idea is the subject of my thesis, and I shall argue that it is crucially important to understanding Aristotle's political philosophy. The claim that the polis exists by nature is what I will call the Naturalness Thesis. Aristotle argues plainly in the Physics (192b9ff.) that there are things which exist by nature. The Naturalness Thesis is the view that the polis is one of these things. Aristotle tells us (Phy II.3-6) that things not existing by nature exist by art, spontaneity, or chance. Things that exist by nature, however, are naturally generated (Phy 192b9) and Pol I.2 provides an account of the natural generation of the polis out of the village and household. Pol I.2 is the only place Aristotle ever provides an account for how the polis arises, and it is the only place the Naturalness Thesis is ever mentioned.

Innovative Systems for a Sustainable Architecture and Engineering

Starting from the 1992 UN conference of Rio de Janeiro on environment and development, the scientific community has pointed out the sustainable development as the only allowable form of cohabitation between humanity and environment; therefore, sustainability has become the great research theme of disciplines regarding the territory modification as architecture and engineering. Recently, new design methods, materials and construction techniques have been devised to improve the functionality and safety of buildings against both ordinary and exceptional environment interaction.

International Politics Victorian Certificate of Education Study Desig

In the twenty-first century, political decisions and actions taken by individuals, groups, organisations and governments are increasingly global in their impact. International Politics will enable students to understand and reflect on contemporary national and international political issues, problems and events, and the forces that shape them. The study offers students the opportunity to engage with key political, social and economic issues, to become more informed citizens, voters and participants in their local, national and international communities. The study includes the development of a conceptual framework within which students develop an understanding of the exercise of national and international political power.

The Political Economy of Secession

Secessionist movements present themselves to the global public as analogues of colonial liberation movements: long-established identities are denied rights of self-determination by quasi-imperial authorities. Self-determination is presented as the solution to the challenge of peaceful coexistence between distinct peoples. The global public not only accepts this message but reinforces it: both Hollywood and diasporas relay it back to populations in developing countries.

What Good Are Elections? An Anthropological Analysis of American Elections

This paper analyzes the shape and peculiar character of United States elections, paradigmatically presidential elections, using a complex of ritual models anthropologists have elaborated over the better part of the last century. This kind of ritual analysis, derived from the revival of Durkheim's French school between the 1950s and 1970s, and perhaps carried forward by Sahlins in the 1980s, was generated in a time when it seemed, to paraphrase Clifford Geertz, that anthropology's role was to trade in amazement.

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