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Political Friendship and The Second Self in Aristotle's Nicomschean Ethics

The difficulty that academics have faced in resolving the tensions between competing interpretations of Aristotelian political friendship can be traced to a lack of attention paid to Aristotle’s understanding of the self. The friend, Aristotle tells us, is a “second self,” but it is not clear what he means by this phrase. One group of contemporary commentators (to whom I give the name Strong Integrationists) suggests that Aristotle calls for an intimate connection between moral and political forms of friendship. Strong Integrationists, in making their arguments, tacitly assume a more-or-less Cartesian understanding of the self. I suggest that this assumption is in error. The Aristotelian self is generally unstable, fractured, and only rarely capable of the sustained virtue that characterizes the highest form of friendship. By reexamining the nature of the Aristotelian self I hope to provide a reading of political friendship that is more faithful to Aristotle’s text, and more in line with his own philosophical assumptions.

After centuries of relative neglect, friendship has emerged in the academy as an area of renewed interest. Moral philosophers see in friendship interesting questions regarding duty, and responsibility,1 while political philosophers are often interested in questions of order, obligation, and justice.2 A certain species of friendship, namely, its political variety, seems to bring together several of these concerns.3 A central question recurs in much of the literature about friendship: “To what extent can Aristotle’s ideas about friendship be pressed into useful service by modern political theorists?”4 Aristotle’s discussion of friendship stands as one of the most thoughtful, penetrating, and enduring treatments we have available. It has the added bonus, for political theorists, of explicitly addressing the political dimensions of friendship. I will argue, however, that in a rush to enlist the name and authority of Aristotle, a number of contemporary theorists have made important assumptions about the nature of Aristotelian friendship that are not supported by the texts.

A new look at our old

The Theory of the Conceptual Metaphor (CMT) is one of the first and most important developments in Cognitive Linguistics (CL). Metaphors We Live By (Lakoff & Johnson 1980) was the first whole book devoted to CL and several important domains of human conceptualisation and language have been studied with the constantly enriched tools of CMT: poetic metaphor and language (Lakoff & Turner 1989; Gibbs 1994), political thinking (Lakoff 1996), mathematics (Lakoff & Núñez 1997), emotions and especially love (Kövecses 1987, 1988, 1990; Barcelona 1992; Martín Morillas & Pérez Rull 1998), linguistic change (Sweetser 1990), gestural language (McNeill 1992) to mention just some especially important works.

Consuming the “Oriental Other,” Constructing the Cosmopolitan Canadian: Reinterpreting Japanese Culinary Culture in Toront

In the “Grand Master” episode of the television program CSI New York, detectives Stella and Danny investigate the death of an up-and-coming fashion designer who was found dead in her penthouse pool. The case leads the pair into the heart of Little Tokyo to an exclusive sushi restaurant that serves fugu, a potentially lethal fish that is forbidden in the United States. The sushi is served on the naked bodies of young Asian women who lie perfectly still before the city’s trendy elite.

Download Free PDF Ebooks A Decision Support System for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Cost Estimation

Download Free PDF Ebooks A Decision Support System for Advanced Composites Manufacturing Cost Estimation
This research describes a methodology whereby companies can improve product cost estimation at the conceptual design phase, using intelligent searching and arrangement of existing accounting data to enable designers to access the activity cost information more readily. The concept has considerable scope for application in industry because it will allow companies to make better use of information that is already being recorded in their information systems, by providing it in a form which will enable designers to make better informed decisions during the design process.

Download Free Ebooks Objectivity in Feminist Philosophy of Science

Download Free PDF Ebooks Objectivity in Feminist Philosophy of Science
Feminist philosophy of science has long been considered a fringe element of philosophy of science as a whole. A careful consideration of the treatment of the key concept of objectivity by such philosophical heavyweights as Thomas Kuhn and Karl Popper, followed by an analysis of the concept of objectivity with the work of such feminist philosophers of science as Donna Haraway, Lynn Hankinson Nelson, and Sandra Harding, reveals that feminist philosophers of science are not members of some fringe movement of philosophy of science, but rather are doing philosophical work which is both crucial and connected to the work of other, �mainstream� philosophers of science.

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