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Brief Description Of Capoeira

Capoeira is an art form that involves movement, music, and elements of practical philosophy. One experiences the essence of capoeira by "playing" a physical game called jogo de capoeira (game of capoeira) or simply jogo. During this ritualized combat, two capoeiristas (players of capoeira) exchange movements of attack and defense in a constant flow while observing rituals and proper manners of the art. Both players attempt to control the space by confusing the opponent with feints and deceptive moves. During the jogo, the capoeiristas explore their strengths and weaknesses, fears and fatigue in a sometimes frustrating, but nevertheless enjoyable, challenging and constant process of personal expression, self-reflection and growth.

The speed and character of the jogo are generally determined by the many different rhythms of the berimbau, a one-string musical bow, which is considered to be the primary symbol of this art form. The berimbau is complemented by the pandeiro (tambourine), atabaque (single-headed standing drum), agogo (double bell), and reco-reco (grooved segment of bamboo scraped with a stick) to form a unique ensemble of instruments. Inspiring solos and collective singing in a call-and-response dialogue join the hypnotic percussion to complete the musical ambiance for the capoeira session. The session is called roda de capoeira, literally "capoeira wheel," or simply roda. The term roda, refers to the ring of participants that defines the physical space for the two capoeiristas engaged in the ritualized combat.

Beethoven by George Alexander Fischer

As life broadens with advancing culture, and people are able to appropriate to themselves more of the various forms of art, the artist himself attains to greater power, his abilities increase in direct ratio with the progress in culture made by the people and their ability to comprehend him. When one side or phase of an art comes to be received, new and more difficult problems are invariably presented, the elucidation of which can only be effected by a higher development of the faculties. There is never an approach to equilibrium between the artist and his public. As it advances in knowledge of his art, he maintains the want of balance, the disproportion that always exists between the genius and the ordinary man, by rising ever to greater heights.

If Bach is the mathematician of music, as has been asserted, Beethoven is its philosopher. In his work the philosophic spirit comes to the fore. To the genius of the musician is added in Beethoven a wide mental grasp, an altruistic spirit, that seeks to help humanity on the upward path. He addresses the intellect of mankind.

Art Deco in Estonian and Latvian Graphic Design Journals

Journalism gives good information to historians about the lifestyle and cultural standard of an era. Not only the text but also an appearance of a journal (cover design, illustrations, vignettes, etc.) contain a lot of information.

Graphic design journals and magazines have beenpublished in Europe, the USA and other countries since the 19th century.The journals covered graphic design, typography, illustration, advertising, photography, book publishing and other related subjects such as the mechanical aspects of publishing. Many of these journals demonstrate beautiful graphics and are an excellent source of information about the artists as well as about the everyday life of people. It is important that they include a far wider range of visual materials than is normally embraced by art history. They are reflections of relations of power, aesthetic objectives, changing theories of art and even the religious conceptions and rituals of society.

In the pre-television era, written press was intended for a very wide audience. As almost the only channel of mass media, it had an immense influence on shaping people’s tastes and preferences, thus guiding the political arrangement and cultural life of society. Media was also a tool for exercising power thanks to the rather privileged access of politicians and government officials to journals and magazines.

The History of American Women and Hair Removal

I came to write this thesis because of a personal curiosity about hair removal and its origins. Among my female friends hair removal is considered an annoying, arduous, often painful, but necessary ritual. Most insist on removing leg hair before putting on a skirt or shorts, and balk at the thought of wearing a bathing suit without shaving or waxing the bikini line. Hair removal is considered so essential to some of these women that they refuse to participate in daily activities such as exercising or going on a date if they have not paid proper attention to removing their body hair. Furthermore, hair removal is generally considered to be a timeless ritual, or at least one that all American women have always practiced. Through my research, however, I discovered that hair removal is not an ancient tradition, nor is it an isolated behavior. Hair removal was introduced first in the nineteen teens and twenties, and coincided with a momentous change in the definition of the American feminine ideal.

In The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls, historian Joan Jacobs Brumberg argues that females today organize their self-perception around their outward appearance, in contrast to women of earlier generations, and emphasizes the importance of the 1920s in transforming the feminine ideal from the Victorian model to our modern concept of femininity. Indeed, it was largely the 1920s that brought about a
profound alteration in the perception and definition of the female body.

The Tragedy of Platonic Ethics and the Fall of Socrates

This paper considers the use of myth in the Platonic dialogues. It seeks to demonstrate that Plato takes up the task of rewriting the old myths, not in order to clarify the real truth about ancient tales, but to make those tales serve higher ethical—ends. Thus Plato makes a valiant effort to replace the old "truths" in order to displace and overcome ethically dangerous assumptions in the old tales. But I shall demonstrate that, despite the hanges in mythical content, the old tropes endure in the new form and the dangerous elements of myth persist. The elements of myth that I consider to be most dangerous are the motifs of "fallenness" (as characteristic of the human condition) and the irredeemably tragic dimension of earthly existence (configuring mortal life as a matter for despair).

The Evolving Perception of Charles Ives And His Music

Charles Ives is regarded as the first great American composer of art music. He is famous for incorporating characteristics of American vernacular music into cultivated music and for evoking the sounds and life style of the American people. As I began to investigate this composer, a number of questions were raised. The primary issue was the differing, and at times controversial, perspectives on Ives. According to some critics, he was an American original whose music represented independence from the European tradition. Others believed him to be a composer whose music was deeply rooted in European musical practice. Given such incongruous, contradictory views, Ives appears to be a musical paradox. For someone who has no previous knowledge of him, these analyses areconfusing. Which perception appropriately describes Ives? How can we obtain a basic understanding of a composer whose critics have been so discrepant in their understanding of the nature of his musical style?

Money The Branding of A Country Through The Design of Its Currency

Screen shot Money The Branding of A Country Through The Design of Its Currency

I remember my first trip to a place outside of the United States. The oddest part of the journey was that there was no physical travel done. No irplane, train, bus or other vehicle was involved. I did not have to worry about time changes, lost baggage nor jet lag. It was a wonderful trip for a young boy who never went further than his own neighborhood.

Learn about Texas Indians

Screen shot  Learn about Texas Indians

When we talk about Texas Indians, we mean all the different sorts of Native Americans who have ever lived, and presently live, in the part of North America called Texas.

“Native Americans,” in turn, are all the descendants, past and present, of the first people to inhabit North America, Central America, South America and the Caribbean Islands.

Julius Caesar – The man, The Historical Figure and The Image Behind Shakespeare's Play

The following article endeavors to present a portrayal of Julius Caesar different from the character built by William Shakespeare in his famous tragedy. In place of drawing a full-scale comparison between the play and the ancient documentation the article rather describes the character and behavior of Julius Caesar from several angels; namely, Caesar the man, his historical figure, and his image.

How Genghis Khan Has Changed the World by Paul D. Buell

Steppe empires, some of which had embraced considerable territory and had exerted a profound influence, had come and gone by the early thirteenth century when the Mongols first appeared. None of them has had the impact of the Mongol Empire which followed; the largest steppe empire in history. Its borders stretched from the Gulf of Bohai into Russia, from southern Siberia into Tibet and the Middle East.

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