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Therapy adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes

The aim of this study is to explore the relationship between depression, irrational beliefs and treatment adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes. 58 adults with type 2 diabetes completed the Beck Depression Inventory (short form with 13 items), the Irrational Health Beliefs Scale (IHBS), the RIBS (Rational Irrational Beliefs Scale) and the SAAD-R (French translation of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities).

Workshop on Oral Diseases and Diabetes

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) is very pleased to sponsor this workshop on the oral complications and associations with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. It is estimated that more than 10 million Americans suffer from diabetes, and another six million people are yet to be diagnosed.

Acne and Diet By Alex Garcia-Osuna

Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. It affects between seventeen and forty-five million people. It is a condition that affects the skin over areas of the body with large oil glands, causing clogged pores and lesions. (2) These lesions can take the form of whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, and cysts. Whiteheads are caused by bulging follicle heads, while blackheads are plugs composed of oil and dead skin cells that are open to the surface.

Stress and Acne: A Vital Connection

Stress. It's been making headlines as the underlying cause for many illnesses. Stress affects everyone, especially the otherwise healthy individual who is put in an extraordinary situation such as caring for an ill family member or friend. A study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, finds that caregivers of ill family members run the risk of getting sick themselves with illnesses like heart disease or cancer. The study found that caregivers had four times the increase of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), an immune chemical that naturally increases with age, compared to other participants in the study. This can put people at a risk for a host of illnesses. Stress triggers a series of changes in the body that if left unchecked, can be extremely damaging.

Influenza virus - Protection and Adaptation

Influenza is an acute respiratory disease caused by influenza type A and B viruses. Human influenza viruses may infect up to 15% of the total population during the seasonal epidemics, causing many cases of severe illness. Each year, approximately 350 million doses of influenza vaccine are produced for protection of the risk groups against severe disease. The thesis focuses on the protection against influenza virus infection and disease (Paper I and II) as well as the analysis of the antigen variation found in primarily the hemagglutinin (HA) gene of the virus (Paper III and IV).

Influenza A ( H 1N1) Virus

What is the new influenza A (H 1N1) virus that has been causing recent outbreaks globally? The recent outbreaks of disease in people globally are caused by a new influenza (or "flu") type A (H1N1) virus. There is a human H1N1 virus circulating and causing seasonal influenza and in the past, very occasionally, H1N1 viruses from swine have infected humans. The specific type of the H1N1 virus causing illness now is new or "novel" and in the current outbreak it is clear that this virus is able to infect humans and be passed from person to person. Although part of the virus may have originated from pigs, there is no evidence that the current spread of infection is coming from that source.

Examining Success of Paleo Diet in Afibbers

A considerable number of afibbers have been able eliminate the occurrence of atrial fibrillation while observing the plan set forth in Louis Cordain's book, "The Paleo Diet". The basic premise of Paleo eating involves the elimination of all grains and other foods not found in their natural state. It's really more than that but for now, let's focus on this one facet.

Strategies for Improving Access to Comprehensive Obesity Prevention

This policy brief builds on our prior work for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. In 2005, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services (GW) evaluated the role of public and private insurance in financing preventive care and treatment for at-risk and obese children.

What To Eat? Goal-Conflict Theory and Weight Maintenance

It is rare to find an individual who has not at some point been unhappy with his or her body. Who hasn't stood in front of the mirror and critiqued his or her appearance? It is becoming commonplace to see individuals comparing nutrition labels in the grocery store and opting for the low-fat, no-fat options. Commercials for weight loss products and programs abound. Weight is obviously on the collective mind of the public.

Acute and Chronic Pain in the Elderly

Pain is defined by The International Association for the Study of Pain as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage. In the elderly many complex issues may contribute to the emotional experience of pain including: a long history of various pain experiences, multiple chronic comorbid conditions, proximity to death, dependency issues and family support issues.

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