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Hunger and Malnutrition

While episodes of severe hunger such as famines receive considerable press coverage and attract much public attention, chronic hunger and malnutrition is considerably more prevalent in developing countries. It is estimated that at least 12 million low-birth-weight births occur per year and that around 162 million pre-school children and almost a billion people of all ages are malnourished.

Vitamin K Deficiency Disease

Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) previously known as hemorrhagic disease of the newborn has been classified as Early (0-24hrs), Classic (2-7 days) and Late (1-6 months). Child birth following the maternal ingestion of anti-epileptic drugs such as Phenytoin, is liable to result in early VKDB as well as bone changes in the fetus. Other maternal risk factors for VKDB include medications such as warfarin and antibiotics.

Vitamin D Deficiency

Most people are familiar with vitamin D’s role in preventing rickets in children and in helping the body absorb calcium from the diet. Recently, research has shown that vitamin D is important in protecting the body from a wide range of diseases. Disorders linked with vitamin D deficiency include stroke, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, several forms of cancer, some autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes, depression and schizophrenia.

Dietary Fibre for a Healthy Diet

Before the industrial revolution the main function of food was to serve as man’s primary source of energy. It was at this time that the term “dietary fibre” was coined, to denote the indigestible plant material that does not contribute to the supply of nutrients and is therefore regarded as superfluous.

Diet, Nutrition and The Prevention of Dental Diseases

Oral health is related to diet in many ways, for example, nutritional influences on craniofacial development, oral cancer and oral infectious diseases. Dental diseases impact considerably on self-esteem and quality of life and are expensive to treat. The objective of this paper is to review the evidence for an association between nutrition, diet and dental diseases and to present dietary recommendations for their prevention.

Stomach Cancer

This booklet has been written to help you understand more about cancer of the stomach. We hope it answers some of the questions you may have about its diagnosis and treatment.

Dyspnea and Cough

We have made great strides in pulmonary medicine since the days of “consumption” and “the catarrh.” However, with our aging population and advanced diagnostic techniques, we are now seeing an increase in lung disease. It is evident that physicians will be increasingly called upon to evaluate the elderly for a variety of respiratory symptoms. These symptoms carry more significance in the aging population for several reasons.

Treatment of Cough

In this presentation, I offer a theoretically oriented exposition of the diagnosis and treatment of cough. I begin with a brief outline of the history of cough in Chinese medicine. History Chinese medicine has not, as many people still appear to believe, remained unchanged for eons. It has been undergoing constant development. This can be seen in the realm of cough. The Neijing states, ``The five viscera and six bowels can all cause a person to cough, not just the lung.'' By this statement, the authors of the Neijing were suggesting that although cough is associated with the lung, it can reflect disease in other organs of the body.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

The objective of the North American Spine Society (NASS) Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis is to provide evidence-based recommendations to address key clinical questions surrounding the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

Diet and Chronic Degenerative Diseases: Perspectives from China 1-3

A comprehensive ecologic survey of dietary, lifestyle, and mortality characteristics of 65 counties in rural China showed that diets are substantially richer in foods of plant origin when compared with diets consumed in the more industrialized, Western societies. Mean intakes of animal protein (about one-tenth of the mean intake in the United States as energy percent), total fat (14.5% ofenergy), and dietary fiber (33.3 g/d) reflected a substantial preference for foods of plant origin.

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