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Business & Economics

Option Trading and Oil Futures Markets

This was orignally published in 1987 by Oxford Institute for Energy Studies.

The establishment, of a very successful crude oil futures market by the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX) has introduced a new and important factor into the process of oil price formation. Trading in crude oil futures has been expanding very rapidly and now provides an instrument that enables economic agents to hedge against short-term price risks. The NYMEX is also a reading mechanism or oil price discovery in the short term.

However, as is the case for most futures markets, NYMEA contracts extend over a fairly short time horizon (eighteen months in theory but only four months in practice), and there is a lack of fiexibility prevailing once a hedge has been initiated ( a price is rigidly fixed from then on no matter what the market does afterwards).

Free Website Traffic Methods in Detail

This free ebook reveals the info equivalent of a main piece of the jigsaw puzzle of online earning/marketing, namely traffic. A newbie or an experienced online marketer would benefit from simplified understanding of the online marketing as consisting of just driving eye balls on to a product.

Offline Domain Arbitrage

Almost every successful online marketer appreciates the KISS principal, ie "Keep It Simple Silly". The reason being, the experience of the "information overload" phenomenon, that every budding online marketer will have, one way or the other.

IM Coaching Success Secrets

Coaching Success Secrets Exposed – 10 Most Common Mistakes
Internet Marketing Coaches Make

by Gerald Gigerl
Tables of Content:
1. Low Self Esteem.
2. Under Charging

Why Business Ethics ?

Everyone agrees that business managers must understand finance and marketing. But is it necessary for them to study ethics? Managers who answer in the negative generally base their thinking on one of three rationales. They may simply say that they have no reason to be ethical.

Business Ethics Without Stakeholders

One of the most influential ideas in the field of business ethics has been the suggestion that ethical conduct in a business context should be analyzed in terms of a set of fiduciary obligations toward various “stakeholder” groups. Moral problems, according to this view, involve reconciling such obligations in cases where stakeholder groups have conflicting interests.

Buying a Franchise: A Consumer Guide

When you buy a franchise, you often can sell goods and services that have instant name recognition, and get training and support that can help you succeed. But purchasing a franchise is like every other investment: there’s no guarantee of success. The Federal Trade Commission, the nation’s consumer protection agency, has prepared this booklet to explain how to shop for a franchise opportunity, the obligations of a franchise owner, and questions to ask before you invest.

Risk Matters: The Real Effects of Volatility Shocks

This paper shows how changes in the volatility of the real interest rate at which emerging economies borrow have a substantial effect on real variables like output, consumption, investment, and hours worked. These effects appear even when the level of the real interest rate itself remains constant. We argue that, consequently, the time-varying volatility of real interest rates is an important force behind the distinctive size and pattern of business cycle fluctuations of emerging economies.

Time-Varying Synchronization of European Stock Markets

The extent and dynamics of capital market synchronization represents a vital research area as it is important for equity portfolio selection (Erb et al., 1994), understanding the “home country bias” phenomenon (Lewis, 1999) and understanding processes underlying comovements between financial and real economies (Brooks et al., 2003), among other issues. Capital market synchronization, along with that of the real economy, is also closely related to the ongoing process of European integration that has been witnessed by stronger real economic linkages and the convergence between old and new European Union (EU) member states (Fidrmuc and Korhonen, 2006).

Monetary Policy Surprise and Commercial Banks

The Federal Reserve, through its monetary policy, controls federal funds rate by making changes reserve balances available to the banking system. Thus change in monetary policy most directly influences day to day operations of banks. In a recent study Bernanke and Kuttner (2005) examine monetary policy effect on equity prices. They show that equity market reaction comes from the unanticipated component of the monetary policy action. Bernanke and Kuttner (2005) argue that policy makers try to modify economic behavior by affecting the asset prices.

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