Stress is a routine part of our lives. Certain amounts of stress are beneficial; however, sometimes the level of stress can become burdensome. Students in university experience many changes. There is research, Irish as well as international, to indicate college can be a stressful experience for students (Aherne, 2001; Fisher, 1994; Tyrrell, 1993). Being able to manage and control stress is a useful skill, for life as a student but also for life beyond university. Stress management can be taught on a personal as well as a professional basis.
The material in this module can be used as a stand alone - given in addition to regular courses. However, it can also be incorporated into course content when suitable.
Personal resource systems define the quality of daily living, shaping personal well-being, societal satisfaction and overall quality of life. This study explores the construct of such systems through the emerging concept of Personal Resource Systems Management (PRSM) and models that concept for future research, consideration and debate. It is a qualitative exercise in grounded theory, a demonstration of integrative, interdisciplinary scholarship and a contribution to interactive practice in resource management, a subject matter specialty of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS). As such the proposed PRSM model advances the stated goal of FCS practice to "promote optimal well-being of families, individuals and communities." Specifically, a PRSM model within the context of FCS should.
• describe person-environment interaction
• as well as aggregates thereof (family and community) and
• identify diverse daily impacts on the quality of living, personal well-being, societal satisfaction and overall quality of life
• by modeling a consistent system of multiple options, each with a clear solution
The study examined whether the positive emotions experienced during multimedia learning facilitate cognitive process that leads to better learning performance and satisfaction. Positive emotions were experimentally induced before a multimedia based learning by means of self-referencing mood induction procedure (positive or neutral emotions) and during the learning by the aesthetic design of the learning materials (good or neutral design). The result of the experiment shows that there is significant effect of emotions on their transfer test, mental effort investment, as well as level of satisfaction. It also indicates that positive emotions can be generated by the instructional design that may be able to affect learners’ experience and performance. The study implies that positive emotions should be considered as important factors in instructional design. Also, emotional design principles should be studied in more detail for better instructional material design.
Is it important that learners experience positive emotions during learning? If so, how can multimedia learning environments be designed to be both efficient and inducing positive emotions in learners? Research on emotions has been conducted in various academic fields. However, little empirical research on users’ emotions and their effect on learning performance is available that could guide the design of learning environments.
Why meditate? Why now? ... because you have no choice. No choice according to you. You already know that you are way too busy. So busy that you have become a stranger to yourself. All of us have paid so much attention to the world around us, that we know nothing about the world within us. Our life has kept us running here and there, succeeding, failing, winning and losing -- this is all we seem to know. When we are not socializing with our friends and family, we are socializing with the Internet or the television.
What happens when we become a stranger to ourselves? We lose our confidence. We get confused about why we are living such a hectic life. We feel empty inside. As our outer pillars of support crumble around us, we become afraid. Very afraid. We expect answers to magically come from heaven and solve all of our problems. We hope that our politicians will solve all the social ills and the police will keep us safe. In short, we have become so powerless that we blame others for our troubles and we demand others to take care of us. Peace and prosperity was just a wish, a mere desire, we never made it a priority and thus, we did not make it happen.
We investigate the effect of paying students to complete 75 hours of studying at a monitored location over a five-week period. Students were recruited both from a large introductory class and from students in the regular experimental subject pool. In one treatment, the 75 hours of studying must be composed of at least 12 hours during the first week, at least 24 hours by the end of the second week, etc. In the second treatment, 75 hours of studying must be completed, but there were no weekly studying requirements. While our ex ante prediction was that imposing a weekly structure would help procrastinating students avoid getting too far behind, we instead find that a higher proportion of students achieve the 75-hour target in the time-unstructured treatment. The patterns of study time show a pronounced weekly cycle; remarkably, this pattern is almost identical for both treatments. While we cannot reject the models of quasi-hyperbolic discounting, these patterns seem more consistent with the notion of willpower. Finally, we find evidence that, over time, students who achieve the studying goal improve their performance in the introductory class relative to those students who did not.
People experience self-control problems when their preferences are not consistent across time. One form of self-control problem concerns persistent bad habits or addictions, such as overeating or cigarette smoking. An individual knows that he or she will later regret a current choice of self-indulgence, but nevertheless engages in the activity. The other side of the coin is a situation where an individual is faced with an activity that will lead to future benefits, but is unappealing at the moment. This often leads to procrastination, common in everyday life. People vow to stop smoking, stop eating ice cream, or start exercising tomorrow. Procrastination has been found to be quite pervasive among students: Ellis and Knaus (1977) find that 95% of college students procrastinate, while Solomon and Rothblum (1984) find that 46% nearly always or always procrastinate in writing a term paper.
Similar effects are often produced by widely differing processes. In the psychical world that quality which we call spirituality may be associated with and evoked by Theism, or the belief in a Divine Father; by Pantheism, as in the case of Spinoza, whose face at the very first glance impresses you with its spiritual cast; or even by the Buddhist belief in Nirvana. It may also be attained by following the precepts and striving after the ideals of Ethical Culture. For spirituality is not indissolubly associated with any one type of religion or philosophy;it is a quality of soul manifesting itself in a variety of activities and beliefs.
Before we proceed further, however, we must hazard a definition of the word. In the region of mental activity which is called the spiritual life vagueness is apt to prevail, the outlines of thought are apt to be blurred, the feelings aroused are apt to be indistinct and transitory. The word 'spiritual' becomes a synonym of muddy thought and misty emotionalism. If there were another word in the language to take its place, it would be well to use it. But there is not. We must use the word 'spiritual,' despite its associations and its abuse. We shall endeavor, however, to attach a distinct and definite meaning to the word. Mere definition, however, is too abstract and nakedly intellectual. Perhaps a description of some types of character, combined with definition, will be the better way.
Anyone who should believe to find in this work nothing else but a collection of recipes, with the aid of which he can easily and without any effort attain to honor and glory, riches and power and aim at the annihilation of his enemies, might be told from the very inception, that he will put aside this book, being very disappointed.
Numerous sects and religions do not understand the expression of “magic” otherwise than black art, witchcraft or conspiracy with evil powers. It is therefore not astonishing that many people are frightened by a certain horror, whenever the word “magic” is pronounced. Jugglers, conjurers, and charlatans have discredited this term and, considering this circumstance, there is no surprise that magic knowledge has always been looked upon with a slight disregard.
Our personality and the way we cope with stress are two factors that are important in the development of psychological distress. The current study explored the relationship between personality, coping styles and psychological distress in 201 students from the University of Canterbury. Participants completed the Temperament Character Inventory - Revised (TCI-R; Cloninger et al., 1994), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS; S.H. Lovibond & P.F. Lovibond, 1995) and the Coping Orientation of Problem Experience (COPE; Carver, Scheier, Weintraub, 1989). The study showed that participants with high harm avoidance and low self-directedness reported increased stress, anxiety and depression, while low harm avoidance and high self-directedness appeared to be a protective factor against the development of distress.
Avoidant coping was shown to be the most maladaptive coping style as it was associated with increased stress, anxiety and depression, while problem-focused coping appeared to reduce depressive symptoms. Strong associations were also found between personality and coping styles, as individuals with high reward dependence were more inclined to engage in emotion-focused coping, while high self-directed individuals engaged in more problem-focused coping. High harm avoidance was associated with avoidant coping, resulting in greater distress than either predictor alone. The current study suggests that our personality and the coping styles we employ may influence whether we experience stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms. Furthermore, the association between personality and coping styles suggests that individuals with maladaptive personalities (e.g. high harm avoidance) are at a greater risk for experiencing psychological distress as they are more likely to use a maladaptive coping style such as avoidant coping.
The following thesis project addresses the importance and key role of leadership in project management, particularly in the construction field. Project management is a carefully planned and organized effort to accomplish a specific one-time task. For example, constructing a building or implementing a new computer system, all need to be well-managed. Projects are conceived and completed by people, who are involved in the whole process of project execution and completion. Thus, project management not only requires an efficient project manager, but also a qualified leader who can lead the team effectively.
A leader is someone who sets direction in an effort and influences people to follow that direction. It is important to have skills in forming, leading and facilitating a project team. However, a coherent theoretical foundation that explains how leadership engages people fully and effectively is lacking (Howell, 2006).
According to psychologist Sidney Jourard, fully 85 percent of your happiness in life will come from your personal relationships. Your interactions and the time that you spend with the people you care about will be the major source of the pleasure, enjoyment and satisfaction that you derive daily. The other 15 percent of your happiness will come from your accomplishments. Unfortunately, many people lose sight of what is truly important, and they allow the tail to wag the dog. They sacrifice their relationships, their major source of happiness, to accomplish more in their careers. But one’s career, at best, can be only a minor source-and a temporary one, at that-of the happiness and satisfaction that everyone want.
There is no perfect answer to the key question of how to achieve balance in our lives, but there are a number of ideas that can help you to be and have and do more in the areas that are important to you. These ideas often require changes and modifications in the way you think and use your time, but the price is well worth it. You will find that by reorganizing your life in little ways, you can create an existence that gives you the highest quality and quantity of satisfaction overall. And this must be your guiding purpose.
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